Implantology or implant prosthetics is a branch of dental medicine that deals with the replacement of missing teeth with the installation of a dental implant. Dental implants are titanium replacements that are surgically installed into the bone tissue of the upper or lower jaw, and serve as a replacement of the natural root, and carry the future prosthetic replacement.
The installation process is completely painless and is conducted under local anaesthesia. After installation of the implant, an oseointegration period of three to four months is necessary before continuing with installation of the prosthetic and completion of the therapy. Upon completion of the therapy, the patient, depending on the indications, can receive a fixed prosthetic replacement, or a mobile prosthetic that is attached to the installed implant. The contemporary materials that can be used to create the fixed replacement are metal-ceramic, zirconium-ceramic and press-ceramic. Metal-ceramic is the most common choice and ensures very good aesthetic properties, while the zirconium-ceramic and press-ceramic options give exceptional results due to the fact that they are not metal based.
It is important to stress that implants ensure the most optimal transfer of chewing forces to the surrounding bone, thereby significantly reducing atrophy and the loss of surrounding bone at the site of the tooth removal. Installation of a dental implant is one of the safest therapeutic procedures in dental medicine, with a success rate between 95 and 98%.